Politics is often considered a branch of philosophy that considers the formation of a political community or government based on the social relationship and groupings existing in a community. Politics can be considered the study of how groups decide and develop politically. There are various theories about politics, but the root is that people have a group identity and feel their groups need to relate to one another. Politics is the internal mechanisms of how groups interact with one another to form coalitions, create laws and set up voting systems.
The United Kingdom, consisting of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland is an island country in northwest Europe. England, arguably, is home to the widest English speaking population in the world, a fact that gives it a political party system that some would compare to that of the United States or Canada. Scotland, Wales and England are also all geographically close to one another, giving them a political union which some may compare to that of the united kingdom. In terms of population, the United Kingdom has one of the highest populations in all of Europe and is widely regarded as one of the leading states in the world. London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and a major center for global business.
After World War II ended, a constitutional monarchical system was put in place in the United Kingdom. The British Monarchy was established by the Fixed Periods of Office Act of 1947, which saw the end to absolute rule by the Crown. Under this system, the head of state was allowed to be elected through a process of universal suffrage. Through the Monarchy, the British constitution now features the Queen as the head of state. The four main political parties in the United Kingdom – the Liberal Party, the Labour Party, the Conservative Party and the Liberal Democrats – are all governed by a hereditary right to represent the country.
Scotland is currently an independent country, although it has been part of England for over a thousand years. Much of the historical Scotland that existed during the iron age has been lost, but modern day Scotland is known as “The Kingdom of Scotland”, owing to the fact that many of its counties have historically been involved in one way or another in the affairs of England. One of the major political parties in Scotland is the Scottish National Party, which is represented in Westminster and in the House of Commons, among other places. One of the most popular figures in the Scottish National Party is Alex Salmond, who serves as its Scottish First Minister.
England is currently a major player in world politics, especially in terms of foreign policy. Many people often refer to the United Kingdom as being “the England of Europe”, because its influence over world events goes back centuries. During the eighteen hundreds, several major international conflicts were fought between England and her enemies, and many of those who fought during these conflicts were from England. These battles included the Boer War, the Irish Conflict and the War of the Roses.
The role that the British monarch plays in politics is not a small role. Her right to reign is set forth in the Magna Carta, which was written by William the Conqueror. This gives her the right to rule as king for one hundred and forty-two years during the time of the golden age of the House of Windsor. William the Conqueror was a male, and this means that only females are allowed to become queens in England today. Though males can be made kings in other parts of the world, not so in England.
During the time of William the Conqueror, there were three monarchies in England: the Protectorate, the Stuart and the Restoration. This last was formed after the death of Queen Elizabeth, and was set up as a compromise between the two factions that wanted total power over England. In the Restoration Period, after the death of Queen Mary, there were two houses of Parliament elected for a short time. These two Houses still continued to exist until the fifteen years of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I.
Politics is a big part of what makes the United Kingdom what it is today. Politicians are elected into office, and then they make decisions about how to run the country. Throughout most of the history of England, there have been major ups and downs in national opinion. Some people view politics as a burden, while others see it as a benefit to their way of life. With this in mind, it is very possible that the current crop of leaders may have a hard time persuading people that politics is not a burden, but rather a benefit to help them succeed in life.